Dr. Emma Duerden, PhD

Assistant Professor and Tier 2 CIHR CRC in Neuroscience and Learning Disorders - Applied Psychology

BA, Psychology (McGill University); MSc, Neuroscience (McGill University); PhD, Neuroscience (University of Montreal)

Dr. Emma Duerden, PhD

Assistant Professor and Tier 2 CIHR CRC in Neuroscience and Learning Disorders - Applied Psychology

BA, Psychology (McGill University); MSc, Neuroscience (McGill University); PhD, Neuroscience (University of Montreal)

I’m an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Education and a supervisor for graduate students in the School and Applied Child Psychology program and the Counselling Psychology Program. My research program focuses on the impact of early adversity on cognitive ability in infants and school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder or who are born very preterm. The goal of my research program is to identify risk factors for early adversity as well as factors that promote resilience to early life stress, healthy brain development and academic achievement in children.

In The News

Global news Radio, Toronto, Ben Mulroney, November 19, 2023

CBC News “Social media gets teens hooked while feeding aggression and impulsivity, and researchers think they know why”. November 16, 2023

iHeart radio Ottawa “Teens are addicted to Social Media and it's hurting their mental health” November 16, 2023

Global news Radio Ben OHara-Byrne, A little more conversation, November 16, 2023

CBC News - Metro Morning Toronto, Jill Dempsey, November 17, 2023

Global news Live Radio - Kelly Cutrara, November 17, 2023

CTV News, ON Akshay Tandon - live national television November 17, 2023        

CTV news, NFLD “New Canadian research points to link between scrolling and anxiety, depression in children”, November 17, 2023

CP24 Toronto (live television) “Canadian study links scrolling and anxiety in kids”, Nov 17, 2023

CTV Montreal, “Challenge invites children to go offline for a day

CTV News Weekend, MediaView (tveyes.com), November 18, 2023

The National (CBC News): What social media scrolling is doing to kids’ brains

CBC News : Is too much screen time harming children? Western study finds link to anxiety, depression, August 13, 2023

CBC London Radio: Screen time and children’s mental health. Interview by Allison Devereaux, August 8, 2023

Alex Pierson Show (radio): Screen time and children’s mental health. August 15, 2023

London Free Press: More screen time, higher depression levels for kids: Western study, August 10, 2023

Western News: Two Western research projects among four recipients of Canada Brain Research Fund grants

London Free Press: Western University researchers get $2.5M to study brain health

CBC London: Western researchers land nearly $2.8M in funding to boost brain health research

Blackburn News: Two Western brain research projects receive over $2.5M in grants

CTV London: Two Western University research projects receive Canada Brain Research Fund grants

Spectrum News: Anxiety drives amygdala differences in autistic youth, July 27, 2022

Western News: Neuroscience experts unlock mystery of autism-related anxiety, March 31, 2022

News Medical Life Sciences: “Study examines relationship between prenatal and postnatal stress, depression, and infant motor development during COVID”, February 2022

Spectrum News: “Amygdala development diverges in autism-specific anxiety”, February 2022

Global News (Radio) “Study finds majority of children under five are getting too much screen time”, February 2022

Global News: (National Television) “Children’s screen time doubles during pandemic”, January 2022

CTV News: (Local Television)  Parents grappling with decision to send kids back to school or keep them home”, January 2022

CBC radio: Ontario syndication run, London, Windsor, Peterborough, Sudbury, January 10, 2022

CBC radio: National syndication run, live radio interviews in all 10 provinces and 2 territories.

Global News Radio - The cost of keeping kids out of class, January 7, 2022

CTV News (Live National Television) “Too much screen time for kids during the pandemic”, October 2021

Kids' screen time shot up during the pandemic. But few thought it was this bad”, London Free Press, October 2021

Pandemic linked to significant jump in screen time for kids | CTV News, October 2021

CTV News (Live national television) “Eastern Ontario Schools to Reopen”, January 2021

CBC News “How worried should I be about my kids spending so much time online during the pandemic?”, January 2021

Globe and Mail “All that excess screen time parents were told not to worry about at the start of COVID-19? It’s time to worry”, October 29, 2020

Recent Publications

Tang, L., Kebaya, L.M.N., Altamimi, T., Kowalczyk, A., Musabi, M., Roychaudhuri, S., Vahidi, H., Meyerink, P., Mayorga, P.C., de Ribaupierre, S., Bhattacharya, S., Tristao, L., St. Lawrence, K., Duerden, E.G. Altered resting state functional connectivity in newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy assessed using high-density functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Scientific Reports, 2024 In Press.

Adil, D., Duerden, E.G., Eagelson, R., de Ribaupierre, S. Macrostructural and Microstructural Alterations in the Corpus Callosum of Children with Infantile Hydrocephalus. Journal of Child Neurology, 2024  In press.

Hennessy A, Nichols E.S, Al-Saoud, S., Brossard-Racine, M., Duerden, E.G. Identifying Cognitive Profiles in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders using Online Cognitive Testing. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry.2024 Jan 28:13591045241228889. doi: 10.1177/13591045241228889. Online ahead of print. PMID: 38282296

Nichols, E. S., Al-Saoud, S., de Vrijer, B., McKenzie, C. A., Eagleson, R., de Ribaupierre, S., Duerden, E. G. T2* mapping of placental oxygenation predicts fetal cortical but not subcortical maturation. JAMA Network Open, 2024 In press.

Adil, D., Duerden, E.G., Eagelson, R., de Ribaupierre, S. Assessing the Impact of Infantile Hydrocephalus on Visuomotor Integration through Behavioural and Neuroimaging Studies. Child Neuropsychology, 2024 In press.

Sriya Roychaudhuri, Tajveer Uhbi, Alexandra Kowalczyk, Jan Vanesh, Laura Lyons, Soume Bhattachayra, Emma G. Duerden. Neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome and implications on pain assessment in the newborn: a scoping review. Global Pediatrics. Volume 7March 2024, 100093

Gal Almog, Saeid Alavi Naeini, Yu Hu, Emma G. Duerden, Yalda Mohsenzadeh. Memoir Dataset: Investigating Image Memorability Across Developmental Stages. PLOS ONE.PLoS One. 2023 Dec 20;18(12):e0295940. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0295940. eCollection 2023.PMID: 38117776 

Nichols ES, Grace M, Correa S, de Vrijer B, Eagleson R, McKenzie CA, de Ribaupierre S, Duerden EG. Sex- and age-based differences in fetal and early childhood hippocampus maturation: a cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis. Cereb Cortex. 2023 Nov 9:bhad421. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhad421. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37950876.

Eun Jung Choi, Gabrielle King, Emma G. Duerden. Global increase of screen time use in infants, toddlers, children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic: A meta-analytic review of data from 37 countries. Global Pediatrics.Volume 6December 2023, 10008

Duerden EG, Guo T, Chau C, Chau V, Synnes A, Grunau RE, Miller SP. Association of neonatal midazolam exposure with hippocampal growth and working memory performance in children born preterm. Neurology. 2023;101:1-2. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000207817

Hmidan A, Seguin D, Duerden EG. Children’s screen time use and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Psychology. 2023 Jul 10;11(1):202. doi: 10.1186/s40359-023-01240-0. PMID: 37430372

Nichols, E.S., Blumenthal, A., Kuenzel, E., Skinner, J., Duerden, E.G. Hippocampus long-axis specialization throughout development: a meta-analysis. Human Brain Mapping. 023 Aug 1;44(11):4211-4224.  doi: 10.1002/hbm.26340. Epub 2023 May 20. PMID: 37209288

Kebaya, L.M.N., Kapoor, B., Mayorga, P.C., Meyerink, P., Altamimi, T., Nichols, E.S., de Ribaupierre, S., Bhattacharya, S., Tristao, L., Jurkiewicz, M. T., Duerden, E.G. Subcortical brain volumes in neonatal hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatric Research. 2023 Jun 23. doi: 10.1038/s41390-023-02695-y. PMID: 37353661

Correa, S., Nichols, E.S. Mueller, M.E., de Vrijer, B., Eagelson, R., McKenzie, C., de Ribaupierre, S., Duerden, E. G. Default-mode network functional connectivity strength in utero and the association with fetal subcortical development. Cerebral Cortex. 2023 Jul 5;33(14):9144-9153. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhad190. PMID: 37259175

Nichols ES, de Ribaupierre, Duerden EG, Khan A. Funcmasker-flex: an automated BIDS-App for brain segmentation of fetal functional MRI data. Neuroinformatics. 2023 Mar 31.  doi: 10.1007/s12021-023-09629-3. PMID: 37000360

Kyle M. Gilbert, Emily S. Nichols, Joseph S. Gati, Emma G. Duerden. A radiofrequency coil for children aged three months to three years.  NMR in Biomedicine, 2023 Aug;36(8):e4928. doi: 10.1002/nbm.4928. PMID: 36939270

Kebaya, L.N. Stubbs, K., Lo, M., Abu Al-Saoud, S., Karat, B., St Lawrence, K., de Ribaupierre, S., Duerden, E. G. Use of three-dimensional cranial ultrasound and functional near infrared spectroscopy to guide the timing of intervention in infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation. Scientific Reports. 2023 Mar 6;13(1):3730.doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-30743-4. PMID: 36878952

Bezanson, S., Nichols, E.S., Duerden, E.G. Postnatal Maternal Distress, Infant Subcortical Brain Macrostructure and Emotional Regulation. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 2023 Jan;328:111577. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2022.111577. Epub 2022 Dec 5.PMID: 36512951

Lizbeth J. Ayoub, Junhao Zhu, Steven Lee, Nancy Mugisha, Kyle Patel, Emma G. Duerden, Jennifer Stinson, Suellen Walker, Madeleine Verriotis, Melanie Noel, Dehan Kong, Massieh Moayedi, Mary Pat McAndrews. Anterior and posterior hippocampal volume trajectories during development: a model classification approach. Hippocampus.Hippocampus. 2023 Jan;33(1):37-46. doi: 10.1002/hipo.23487. Epub 2022 Dec 15.PMID: 36519826

Jianan Wang, Emily S. Nichols, Megan Mueller, Barbra de Vrijer, Roy Eagleson, Charles A. Mckenzie, Sandrine de Ribaupierre, Emma G. Duerden. Semi-automatic segmentation of the fetal brain from magnetic resonance imaging. Frontiers in Neuroscience: Brain Imaging Methods. Special Issue Imaging the Developing Connectome of Perinatal Brain. 2022 Nov 11;16:1027084. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2022.1027084. eCollection 2022. PMID: 36440277

Noha Gomaa, Chaini Konwar, Nicole Gladish, Stephanie H. Au-Young, Ting Guo, Min Sheng, Sarah Merrill, Edmond Kelly, Vann Chau, Helen Branson, Linh Ly, Emma G. Duerden, Ruth Grunau, Michael S. Kobor, Steven P. Miller. The Epigenetic Clock, Brain Growth and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Very Preterm Neonates. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Nov 1;5(11):e2239796. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.39796. PMID: 36322087

Hennessy A, Seguin D, Correa S, Wang J, Nicolson R, Martinez-Trujillo J, Duerden, EG. Anxiety in Children with ASD and the Association with the Maturation of the Amygdala Subnuclei. Autism. 2022 Oct 22;13623613221127512. doi: 10.1177/13623613221127512. PMID: 36278283

Nichols ES, Pathak HS, Bgeginski R, Giroux I, Mottola MF, Van Lieshout RJ, Mohsenzadeh Y, Duerden EG. Machine learning-based predictive modeling of resilience to COVID-19 related stressors in pregnant women. PLoS One. 2022 Aug 11;17(8):e0272862. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272862. eCollection 2022. PMID: 35951588 

Papadopoulos A, Nichols ES, Mohsenzadeh Y, Giroux I, Mottola MF, Van Lieshout RJ, Duerden EG. Prenatal and postpartum maternal mental health and neonatal motor outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Affect Disord Rep. 2022 Dec;10:100387. doi: 10.1016/j.jadr.2022.100387. Epub 2022 Jul 20. PMID: 35873090

Montenegro J., Seguin D., Duerden, E.G. Joint Attention in Infants at High Familial Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder and the association with Thalamic and Hippocampal Macrostructure. Cereb Cortex Commun. 2022 Jul 22;3(3):tgac029. doi: 10.1093/texcom/tgac029. eCollection 2022. PMID: 36072708

Megan Mueller, MA, Benjamin Thompson, PhD, Tanya Poppe, PhD; Jane Alsweiler FRACP, PhD, Greg Gamble, MSc, Yannan Jiang PhD, Myra Leung PhD, Anna C. Tottman, PhD, Trecia Wouldes, PhD, Jane E. Harding, FRACP, DPhil, Emma G. Duerden, PhD. Amygdala Subnuclei Volumes, Functional Connectivity and Social-Emotional Outcomes in Children Born Very Preterm. Cereb Cortex Commun. 2022 Jul 22;3(3):tgac028. doi: 10.1093/texcom/tgac028. eCollection 2022. PMID: 35990310

Seguin D, Khan AR, Duerden EG. Three-Dimensional Atlas of the Human Amygdala Subnuclei Constructed Using Immunohistochemical and Ultrahigh-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data. Methods Mol Biol. 2022;2515:227-236. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-2409-8_14. PMID: 35776355

Seguin D, Pac S, Wang J, Nicolson R, Martinez-Trujillo J, Anagnostou E, Schachar R, Crosbie J, Lerch JP, Hammill C, Kelley E, Ayub M, Liu X, Brian J, Georgiades, S. Duerden, EG. Amygdala subnuclei volumes predict anxiety in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Human Brain Mapping. 2022 Jul 12. doi: 10.1002/hbm.26005. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35819018

Duerden EG, Grunau RE, Guo T, Chau C, Chau V, Synnes A, Miller SP. Neonatal pain and early thalamic development predict altered sensory processing and attention at 4.5 years in children born extremely preterm. Early Hum Dev. 2022 Jul;170:105617. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2022.105617. Epub 2022 Jun 22. PMID: 35760006

Kuenzel E, Seguin D. Nicolson, R, Duerden EG. Familial adversity in children with autism spectrum disorder: role of positive parenting. Autism Research 2021 Autism Res. 2021 Dec;14(12):2654-2662. doi: 10.1002/aur.2613. Epub 2021 Sep 22.PMID: 34549545

Papadopoulos A, Nichols ES, Mohsenzadeh Y, Giroux I, Mottola MF, Van Lieshout RJ, Duerden EG. Depression in pregnant women with and without COVID-19. British Journal of Psychiatry: Open 2021 Sep 21;7(5):e173. PMID: 34635872

Seguin D, Kuenzel E, Morton JB, Duerden EG. School’s out: parenting stress and screen time use in school-age children during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Affect Disord Rep. 2021 Dec;6:100217. doi: 10.1016/j.jadr.2021.100217. Epub 2021 Sep 8. PMID: 34514458

Papadopoulos A, Seguin D, Correa S, Duerden EG. Social adversity and the association with hippocampal development and cognitive ability in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 12;11(1):16411. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-95582-7. PMID: 34385508

Seguin D, Pac S, Wang J, Nicolson R, Martinez-Trujillo J, Duerden, EG. Longitudinal development of the amygdala subnuclei in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and the association with symptomatology. Brain Behav. 2021 Aug;11(8):e2299. doi: 10.1002/brb3.2299. Epub 2021 Aug 1. PMID: 34333868

Truffyn EE, Moayedi M, Brown S, Ruskin D, Duerden EG. Sensory function and psychological factors in children with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1. Journal of Child Neurology. Apr PMID: 33882728.

Duerden EG, Thompson B, Poppe T, Alsweiler J, Gamble G, Jiang Y, Leung M, Tottman AC, Wouldes T, Miller SP, Harding JE; PIANO study group. Early protein intake predicts functional connectivity and neurocognition in preterm born children. Scientific Reports. 2021 Feb 18;11(1):4085. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83125-z. PMID: 33602973

Duerden EG,Grunau RE, Chau V, Groenendaal F, Guo T, Chakravarty MM, Benders MJ, Wagenaar N, Eijsermans RJC, Koopman C, Synnes A, de Vries LS, Miller SP. Early skin breaks and neonatal thalamic maturation: A modifiable risk? Neurology Oct 2020 Dec 15;95(24):e3420-e3427. PMID:33087497

Duerden, E.G., Miller, S.P. Pain in the Newborn Brain: a neural signature. The Lancet (Digital Health) 2020 Sept 2(9); E442-E443 PMID: 33328109

Duerden, E.G., Thompson, D.K. Can you see what I see? Assessing atypical brain maturation & injury in preterm and term neonates. Brain 2020 Feb 1;143(2):383-386.doi: 10.1093/brain/awz421 PMID: 320405508

Duerden, E.G., Chakravarty, M.M., Lerch, J. Taylor, M. J. Sex-based differences in cortical and subcortical development in 436 individuals aged 4 to 54 years. Cerebral Cortex 2020 May 14;30(5):2854-2866. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhz279. PMID: 31814003

Urbain C, Sato J, Hammill C, Duerden EG, Taylor, MJ. Converging function, structure and behavioural features of emotion regulation in preterm children. Human Brain Mapping. 2020 Aug 1;40(11):3385-3397. doi: 10.1002/hbm.24604. Epub 2019 May 6. PMID: 31056820

Duerden EG, Halani S, Ng K, Guo T, Foong J, Glass T, Chau V, Branson HB, Sled JG, Whyte HE, Kelly E, Miller SP. White matter injury predicts disrupted functional connectivity and microstructure in very preterm born neonates. NeuroImage: Clinical 2019 Nov 13. pii: S2213-1582(18)30344-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2018.11.006. PMID: 30458986

Guo T, Chau V, Peyvandi S, Latal B, McQuillen PS, Knirsch W, Synnes A, Feldmann M, Naef N, Chakravarty MM, De Petrillo A, Duerden EG, Barkovich J, Miller SP. White Matter Injury in Term Neonates with Congenital Heart Diseases: Topology & Comparison with Preterm Newborns. NeuroImage  Jun 15. pii: S1053-8119(18)30511-1. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.06.004. PMID: 29890324

Glass TJA, Chau V, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Guo T, Duerden EG, Foong J, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Multiple post-natal infections in preterm newborns predicts delayed maturation of motor pathways and poorer motor outcomes at 3 years. Journal of Pediatrics 2018 May;196:91-97. pii: S0022-3476(17)31736-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.12.041. PMID: 29398063

Duerden EG, Grunau RE, Guo T, Chau V, Synnes A, Miller SP. Early procedural pain is associated with regionally-specific alterations in thalamic development in preterm neonates. Journal of Neuroscience 2018 Jan 24;38(4):878-886. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0867-17.2017. PMID: 29255007

Schneider J, Duerden EG, Guo T, Ng K, Hagmann P, Graz MB, Grunau RE, Chakravarty MM, Huppi P, Truttmann A, Miller SP. Procedural pain and oral glucose in neonates: brain development and sex-specific effects. Pain. 2018 Mar;159(3):515-525. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001123.PMID: 29200180

Schneider J, Beauport L, Duerden EG, Guo T, Foong J, Bickle Graz M, Hagmann P, Chakravarty MM, Huppi P, Fischer Fumeaux CJ, Miller SP, Truttmann A. Nutrient intake in the first 2 weeks of life predicts brain macro- and microstructural growth in preterm neonates. Pediatrics 2018 pii: e20172169. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2169. PMID:29940205

Teaching and Supervision

2019-2020 - Psychosocial aspects of schooling (MA, School Psych, Year 1) Course number: 9801A-001

2019-2023 – Mind, Brain and Education (PhD, School Psych, Year 1) Course number: 9802A-001

2020–2024 - Advance Quantitative Research Methods (MA, School Psych, Year 1) Course number: 97052A-001